Thartman Common Good Education blog 2 edci 506

February 3rd, 2013

As a looked at the video and did my readings this week on education and reading about John Dewey I decided the best approach was to think about my own education and how it related to the past as well as the future of education and what kind of teaching influence would I like to have on my students and how my education and my upbringing influenced that. I first watched the PBS episode on canvas and began to think about the questions that Dr. Huffman wanted us to think about. I thought this will help me to start outlining important things that I found about my reading in the John Dewey Experience and Education for my book report.
I chose the question about democracy and education I thought about what we are fortunate to have in free education today and that it really should be that free education. I thought about how many slaves from our past would have been Presidents or leaders had they had an opportunity to be educated during slavery. In our readings this week with the PBS special that I watched I learned about the common school movement and how independence was fought over with other countries. This really made me think. The special taught us about what Thomas Jefferson’s view was on education. He believed that all Americans should have the right to education. I believe this also. He felt that all people should have the right to vote that in a democracy people needed to vote. I feel that this was a wonderful battle to fight given the time in history.
As I listened to the PBS document and learned about Horace Mann which I feel was a strong role model also for the early times that he lived in. I feel that this man running for senate in the state Massachusetts believed in what I do today also He believed in the common good of people and that we all need to have access to education and that is should be a good free quality education for all and not to be determined by the parent or family circumstance that they are born into.

THARTMAN INDTI 501 Copy Right Blog

February 2nd, 2013

Martin Luther King Picture I was able to go online to the following websites. I decided to look at my favorite person Martin Luther King. This monument was recently put up in Washington DC in the past few years and I wanted to look at some pictures that perhaps I could download for free that were made in the 1960’s. I thought that this image would give my readers a little history lesson and provide some information on a great man. The website “Pics4Learning” did give me some free pictures to use. The website “Morgue File” had pictures but really none that interested me. I found many interesting pictures and information on licensure use for the images and that they were free for the public’s use. Some did have creative commons license information on them.

The images I found on some sites had associated fees that came with the use of them and really did not give explicit information if it was ok to use them. I was able to go to the “Pics 4 Learning’s” website pretty well and search the site and look at information on the websites. There really was good information stating that the pictures were free for public use. There was a big announcement stating on the website’s front page that had to do with a disclosure stating that it was okay to use the free pictures on this site. I preferred the use of this site as well and felt more comfortable using it. I found many free images that had information that the pictures were free copy right images that can be downloaded and used by the public for use for educational purposes. One such free images was the Martin Luther King Monument Retrieved from

Some sites did have pictures that did have copyrighted images and you could only use them if you sign a license agreement and pay. What I learned by doing my searches was that you must read closely to disclosure statements. The way I went about my search was first, to click on the sites that Dr. Coffman told us to browse and to read carefully what each site had to offer and secondly, I found what really interested me the most. I next found resources and how to use them. Needless to say I was like a kid in a candy store. I was able to pick things out that may not have been good for me and moreover, some that I liked and felt comfortable with. Some did have a disclaimer that states that you can use them if they were made before a certain time frame or in some cases for educational purposes. Most of the disclosure I read was somewhat unfamiliar to me but I did try my best to understand them. I found a picture of Marilyn Monroe and a picture of J.M Cardoso. You may find what he did unique if you too would like to read about him and some of the things that went in New York City in the 1920’s. This is what the information said about his information on the website. The rights information looked like this

Rights Info: No known restrictions on publication. Repository: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C. 20540 USA,

There were no restrictions or some restrictions for use because this was in a public library and they displayed that the information was for the public to find out about historical events in certain era etc. The picture of Marilyn Monroe was a public domain image and can be viewed by the public because it was made in the early 1950’s and 1960’s before copy right laws existed. These images are displayed with the site I was able to get them from. I found a beautiful picture of a flower that I wondered if it was okay to print and place on my wall at some point in a frame. It did state it was free. Do you all think that is OK to use it? It did say it was free in the disclaimer for free? I feel that it is OK.

You see I am a “digital immigrant”. And just like our readings discussed this week it is mainly because of the time I was born. Yes I am over 30 and maybe even though I don’t feel like I am over 40 I am. My daughter teaches me about technology and Dr Coffman has taught me a lot about some things I know about the use of technology. I do have to go outside of my comfort zone to learn it sometimes. That is also what I share with my students no pain no gain. I am the “new digital immigrant diva” and yes I have to even have to ask sometimes many questions but I am a learner you guys

I found in my search what I would want my students to know. I would want them to know how to information because they are “digital natives” and use it in an ethical manner and know about copyright laws. I want them to have fun using information but do so respectfully. I feel more and more that digital natives are using information for everything especially the ones that are under 30 years old. This information is at the tip of their figures to download information and many do make the mistake of using it for your own use. What I found that you can get in trouble form doing this and get hefty fines. I also found that some sites charge you to use their images but they also give you information on how to use the images at

I really liked this website and my searches on this site were fun and easy take a loll at some of the pictures I found to download for free on this site of course you would want to put the site you retrieved them from.

This site that I searched for the library of congress has pictures that can be used for educational purposes which I found a great site and many pictures were made before copyright laws. Affect

Thartman My Goals as a Teacher EDCI 506

January 30th, 2013

I am always making new goals for myself. I often times find myself in a moratorium phase of life. I really do know that this is not a good thing to do at my age Even though I know 40  is the new 30 I do want to be settled in my hopes and dreams. That is why one year ago I decided to follow my dreams to become a teacher I sometimes feel I wasted some valuable time. However, I learned things that were meant for me to learn in life I am now fully obligated to follow what I have always wanted to become a teacher. You see as child I always wanted to play school. I always wanted to be the teacher. I now know that I have to take a step and go through each task to do so. I decided to research the best school to become a teacher not knowing that life would take me into a different city. I am a little worried that I do not live near Fredericksburg any longer and it is causing me a great deal of anxiety with having to take care of my mother but distance learning is working for me.  I know some of my time will need to be spent in classes on campus there. I am preparing to take the praxis exam this summer and I am teaching at a school where I love it so I know that this is where I want to be teaching. My first goal is to finish this semester as well as I did last semester perhaps even better. My second goal is to take the Praxis Exam 1 and 2 but I want to take my time and study well and be prepared the day of my exam.

After I accomplishment this step I then will be a licensed teacher. I plan to become a teacher and get my license. I would love to teach science or African American History or perhaps a public health course. I love science and health. I first thought I wanted to teach in an elementary school, however after speaking to Dr. Huffman and after working the last 3 weeks at a high school doing substitute teaching I would like to become a teacher in Special Education in a high school. I not only want to be a Special Education Teacher I would like to be an Exceptional Teacher. This week we went over theInTASC Core standards in teaching and I realized that I want to ensure that I am assessing my students well and preparing them as well as myself for the 21 Century learner and teacher. In the standards this week we learned that teachers need to understand and use multiple methods of assessment to engage our learners and our own growth and to monitor our students leaning constantly. It is my job to guide and constantly access them properly. I know that from reading our standards this week that accomplished teachers are more able to understand subject areas and how to organize the material on each subjects and apply this in the real world (Exceptional Needs Standards, 2010, p. 11).

I also know that I have to take care of myself and continue to grow as a person and follow my dreams. I still feel young and vibrant and full of hope for my future task that is presently becoming real. I am learning about Smart Boards and how to use them and working with students from every walk of life. I am happy that I am a substitute teacher but looking so forward to my own class room! I have not felt this way completely like this for a while. I have a great husband I am home with my family and I am working in the school that I went to as a child. What better gift could God bring me then the students I absolutely adore. They bring me joy and great honor to be their teacher even if for now it is on a temporary basis. Each one of them knows I am there to help them learn and grow in all they are doing while in school.



CCSSO. (2011, April). InTASC: Model Core Teaching Standards. Washington, DC, United States of America: Council of Chief State School Officers.

National Board Certification for Teachers. (2010). Exceptional Needs Standards; Second Edition. Retrieved from:

Thartman 21 Century vs Core Knowledge edci INDTI 501

January 25th, 2013

The blog topic this week was very interesting and dynamic. I had a chance to look at the three websites and each had a common theme but each also had differences. Each website discussed their philosophy and each website had their own unique ideas on how students can achieve learning goals of teaching children the things they need to learn in today’s society. The first website that I looked at was on the Core Knowledge Foundation. This was an advocacy website. They discussed the importance of educational equality for all children. This website was laid out well and had different tabs to explain the things that they are doing. The core knowledge website discussed the importance of knowledge building and what a child should know at what grade level. The website advocated the importance of knowledge and thinking skills for students. This site discussed that core knowledge is powerful yet simple.

The more a student learns the more they can grow. According to Teresa Coffman the importance of inquiry for our students is not to for them to only memorize factual information but our students need to apply facts to questions they may have to add to their own understanding (p. 1). In another class this week we went over the core standards of teaching. I feel that these standards help to guide teachers and students with just what they say they do build literacy and thinking skills with our students. The first websites emphasized learning as students grow and what the child should know at each level. As John Dewey stated in his preface in a book I am reading he said “that all social movements involve with conflicts which are reflected intellectually to controversies” (Dewey 1949). This caught my attention and made me want to read more. I think that this has a lot to do with some of the content that was laid out in the websites. Each of the website’s authors and organizations has their own sort of social and advocacy and ideas on what builds intellect and ways of learning.

The important aspects of my subject area are built in science. I love learning about our world and the people in it. This idea of my subject area really made the second website more interesting to me. The second website on 21st Century Students did add to my view point because much of what it had to say I believe in. I feel strongly that there is a framework that I must build from in my teaching style and that there is a framework that we must have for our students to learn as well as for me to learn about my students. Our students do learn the skills, knowledge and expertise from us and they do need these basic skills to succeed in work and life. I also agree with John Dewey when he discussed the “patterns of organization” (p, 2). I agree that it takes a grasp of understanding the rules of order in our lives as well as our students. I agree with the second website and I liked that this website discussed essential skills for success in today’s world. Take a look at this video it touched my heart.

I believe in this because much of what I know I had to learn critically through thinking skills and problem solving and communication styles in order to work, breathe, go to school and to collaborate with my peers.  You must know how to respond to friends, colleagues, and at school and work to survive in life.  I am attaching the link to look at a toolkit pdf for the Framework for 21 Century this include information on3R’s which are core academic content mastery and the 4Cs which is critical thinking, problem solving, collaboration, communication and creativity and innovation).

This takes a blend of content on knowledge of specific skills and learning of literacy, technology and the desire to want achieve this, however, it did not change my view of how life learning sometimes takes precedence in the lives of our students. Solomon and Schrum stated “Using technology is the way today’s students learn outside of school because they are comfortable with the tools” (p,3) I feel that this is true however it is important to use technology but we must engage it with other important real world issues our students face. Some students come to school with empty home lives and from abuse. I have always felt strong about integration in my teaching and how it is important to use technology and different viewpoints to add to my teaching style. I also must recognize what my student’s needs are. Are they hungry? Did they get sleep the night before school? I feel it is important to learn from others and to collaborate with each other as well as learn new information that is ever-changing in the way we teach. In my undergraduate work I took a lot of psychology and public health courses. I feel that students must be engaged in learning in new ways of presenting teaching but I also as their teacher must possess the passion to teach my students. Deborah Meir said that “The question is not, is it possible to educate all children well rather, Do we want to do it badly enough” (p, 4). I feel using technology from these website enhances our teaching style and gives us tools not compassion to do it with. We must want to teach and must have the desire, passion and compassion to do so. I feel learning information in standards testing and learning new information is merely the technology vehicles we must keep up to achieve it. The last website discussed pedagogy and it emphasized that you only can be a 21st century teacher if you are able to keep up with the fact that our teaching changes and build this into your teaching style. This website was very good it had lots of tabs for information on Blooms Taxonomy and digital learning among others. This website emphasized using technology to create learning environments.



Coffman, T. (2013). Using inquiry in the classroom. (2 ed.). New York, NY: Rowman & Littlefield Education.

Dewey, John (1949). Experience and Education. The Macmillian Company.

Deborah Meir. (1995).The Power of their Ideas Beacon Press Boston Massachusetts.

Solomon, G., & Schrum, L. (2010). Web 2.0: How to for educators. International Society for Technology in Education.

Framework for 21st century learning: 21st century student outcomes and support systems. Partnership for 21st-Century Skills. Retrieved from


Designed by Tim Sainburg from Brambling Design

Designed by Tim Sainburg from Brambling Design

Thartman Integration Matrix INDI 501-02

January 18th, 2013

The Technology Integration Matrix

The Technology Matrix is a great resource for teachers. The Technology Matrix incorporates five interdependent characteristics of meaningful learning environments. That are active, constructive and goal directed. An example of goal oriented or goal objectives reminds me of the SMART Goals to be specific measurable, attainable, realistic and time specific. This made me think about how our students learn. The teacher provides instruction to students and students use their prior knowledge of skills to learn something they may already know to help with new things the need to learn. The Technology Matrix can help our students with goals that can be measured by the new technology and information rich lessons they learn. This assignment helped me to understand that the world is changing and technology seems to always supersede me with newer technology advancing before I get to use it. I just got a Smart Phone. All my friends have said why you don’t have one? It does so much and it allows you to do so much.

At first I was skeptical because I did not want a phone that knew more or was smarter than me. I have seen schools use I Phones and IPods and different technology and the use of digital response systems with clickers that made technology fun. Now with the Interactive White Board and the Smart Board I must keep up. I really like this and will use in my classroom. I feel it is a realistic goal to be up on technology today. I have to learn more about because the White Board can help me be specific in my teaching style while encouraging fun and interactive learning for my students. I thought of many of you and how you may have used a White Board or Smart Board. I thought this board may help me who has never used one or the more advanced teachers that may be you to learn about it and how it is used. I loved this link I hope you get a chance to look at about white boards. This is one way to get the most specific and goal oriented technology in the classroom. Smart Boards extraordinary discovery made simple. Hey if I can use Brain Shark and do memory presentations and use a Smart Phone then anything is doable. Who knows maybe there will be a Smart Car one day that there will not be such thing as accidents.

The use of the White Board and using it to allow students to present information and show how they learned a lesson would fall right into the integration and collaboration part of the Integrated Technology Matrix. Now that I realize the phone isn’t smarter than me I was just apprehensive to learn about something that was new to me. Now I love it!!! I use this analogy with the things I am learning in this class through discovery of new things. Especially with the Technology Integration Matrix I feel progress in the technology that I can use can be achieved through discovery, fun and commitment to learn it.

The Technology Matrix assignment reminded me of how now that I am substitute teacher ways I can infuse new technology when I get my own classroom. I can use my specific measurable and attainable goals to get there. The Technology Matrix is one tool that can assist me in providing ways to make it fun and a wonderful learning experience for myself and my students. I really liked the video below in the integration matrix because it shows how infusion and collaboration can be used with our students. The teacher provides the instruction and the students choose the technology to be used. In this video the teacher’s uses infusion as well as collaboration to provide learning through providing content to her students and she utilizes ways for them to teach what they have learned to teach others. Take a look at the link below if you get a chance. In this lesson this is where I found an objective that I can use to help me with the technology matrix through the use of integration and collaboration as well as exploration and prior knowledge for myself and my students to become more advanced with their learning styles. Take a look at what I found this was an eye opening and eye rising moment for me. This was my discovery moment. You may cut and paste the link or go to the link and watch how this teacher uses technology to help their students learn fractions in math. I can use a brush up from time to time with my math. I also found especially compelling and raised my eye brow a little not skeptically though but in interest of hey I can use these tools in technology to advance myself to help my students achieve higher learning. The teacher used technology to allow the students to use several technology tools to learn math in a fun way. I choose math because although it is not my favorite subject. I am more science and history oriented. I thought I should choose ways of exploring math as a teacher to believe in myself and my student’s ability to do math.


Orientation Blog Dalton Sherman EDCI-506 THartman

January 15th, 2013

The video on Dalton Sherman in one word was amazing. The keynote speaker really touched my heart. In the beginning I thought wow this young man must be an actor. As I listened to this young child I realized that what is the single most important factor is that no matter where our students come from that we need to believe in our students. More importantly, we really do not ever need to give up on our students or each other. Sherman’s little big voice still rings in my ear. This voice can help when you feel like giving up. This video on this young man was inspirational. I loved when Dalton Sherman said” I can dream anything create anything and become anything” He reminded me of what most of our students may not say to us. They need us to believe that they can reach their highest potential. I loved also that he asked the question do you believe in yourself. I try very hard to never doubt myself but I know that all of us have done so from time to time. Even when I am getting the best grades that any student can get I still at times doubt  so much of my own potential.

I was reminded by this wonderful ambitious young man that when life gets you down and you feel you cannot make it another day.  You must try. I also thought about a call that I got to substitute teach for my first assignment today. The lady that called said that many have given up on this classroom of high school students that I am sending you to. At first I was afraid. I will have my first day tomorrow at a high school right here in my hometown of a class of students that many have refused to go back to. And how the first thing I said was I believe I can do it. I will try. The important thing is that I believe and that I do not give up like many others may have done for my students. Furthermore, I think this video about believing in me is more than just believing in our students. It is about some much more than that. It touches a very important fact that we need to believe in our students. They will pick up on if you do not. We also need to believe in our potential. I need to believe that I can do anything and more impotently we can do it together. I do not have to do it alone. I have all of you and my other teachers to turn to. We have each other!

In life especially today everyone turns to technology. It is important yes however, even more importantly we must not forget we have each other and we believe in each other. We are human and we all make mistakes and conveying that to our students is very important. It is even more important to let them know we fall down but we get up and we do so together.  They will pick up on if you do not!!! Believe me!!! It touched me when Sherman said “in some cases you are all we have” We do wipe the students eyes we work with and, we often too many times help them get food when it is the only meal some of our students will have for the day. We do walk with them down the lonely halls when they feel they have no one else to turn to. As I watched Sherman I thought about two important things he said. At one point I was in tears. Do you believe in yourself my children and my children’s children? Yes Dalton I promise I do and I will.



Hello world

January 15th, 2013


Thartman Formative Assessment

December 6th, 2012

There are many important values to assessment. I tend to agree with our text book that assessment should be more focused on how it was in the early 1980’s which used your grades, essays and IQ test to help you to achieve success based on your achievements. However, it is important for higher education standards today to feel self assured know that we are competent teachers who can teach our children. Summative assessment which is equal to (standardized tests) are great ways that can look at student’s achievements as well as a tool to know if you as teacher are meeting your objectives. According to Woolfolk “Summative assessment occurs at the end of instruction and it purpose is to let the teacher and student know the level of accomplishment attained” (p, 549)

There are many creative ways to understand what your students know to scaffold and slowly access students like observations, you could use as a thumbs up in the classroom. This can be used to ensure that you understand your students and that they can learn from each other as well. You need to give students descriptive feedback like saying to them “way to go class” when they do well and look at what you all were able to do. You need to see what your students are doing and know that your students are observing each other. Reliability of test scores in very important when teaching students. Here is a great video that discusses assessment.

It is even more important to understand that students need to know that you are genuine and care that they are learning. You can do this through formative assessment with pre/post test or with fun ways of having your students engage in focus groups make  VIDEOS WITH THEM.  You should have engagement with your students and motivate students to be a part of your assessment process. Build relationships as a teacher. Get to know who your students are. Know what challenges that your students have and know what challenges you as a teacher have in teaching them. Here is a good video to take a look at

It is important to let students have choices that they know will affect their learning and it is even more important to know that your students want do well and want to see how they are doing. Let them know that you are interested in them and what is important to them. Your students should know what to expect out of learning and make sure that you believe in your students victories. Your students will pick up if you are not interested in their learning. Access your students in real life

Make sure that students understand the material and use summative assessment that uses teaching that follows instruction with games or fun assessment.You should have constant feed back through assessment. Always look for better ways to monitor your students learning and the objectives for assignments and give opportunities about feedback about your students learning style. Make sure when you are doing assessment that you celebrate your student’s success. The distinction between formative and summative assessment is based on how your results are used. Let your students be engaged in this process. Let them know that measurements will be based on the quantitative number they get right or wrong but there will be fun ways of improvement. Let them know that assessments will be used to see what ways they can improve or area they may need to work on. Formative assessments can be used with pretest and summative assessment could be used with testing that follows instruction and teaching improvements for your classroom.









THartman Ambiguity and Constructivism Blog edu 500-2

November 18th, 2012

Tiffany Hartman

Ambiguity and Constructivism

Blog Reflection 6

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

When examining my own motivation style and learning I realized that I have several learning and motivators when it comes to Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs. My motivation to learn comes from first my own yearning to become more in life and my passion to teach as well plays a role in my motivation to learn. My motivators furthermore, come from my grandchildren and my now grown children. In order for me to set a good example for them I feel the need to be motivated to learn to set an example for them to succeed in life. The first thing I realized when doing this assignment was that humans do have a basic need for survival. My students and I have that same need as well. I have to make sure that they have what they need in order to be successful in our classroom and vice versa. They need the essential of food and water and a roof over their head just like I do. They need the basic essential to concentrate as well as I do. This is true for them to do well in school and for me to do well at teaching them.

I have been laid off from my job of ten years for almost a year and it has been hard to get back into the swing of things with the unemployment rates of finding a well suited job. At the same time my husband got laid off and got sick so life seemed to focus on our basic needs. According to Maslow “humans have seven levels of needs that he placed in a hierarchy, ranging from the “lower-level needs for survival and safety to the higher-level needs for intellectual achievement and the last is self-actualization” (Woolfolk, 2013, p. 434). Even though now I have a decent job it has taken a toll on my basic needs and made me look at my life from a different prospective. I now do what God has called me to do and follow my own passion and call in life. I need more education to follow my dreams of teaching. The uncertainty of the job economy affects me internally and motivates me to do something about it. Can you imagine how students are affected when their parents loose a job, and how their safety, stability and the basic needs may come in to play in their life and how this may affect them in school? While examining my own motivation to learn I realized that the above aspects affected the next level of Maslow’s Hierarchy and so own. They rank in my life as well as many others and in my students in the same way in order be Self Actualized as a whole person.

1. The Physiology Basic Need I have must have my basic need of food water and yes sex for all others needs to be met. This will affect the survival and my ability to get a job and get good grades and my overall knowledge self-esteem focuses on my own inner self actualization and the realization that I need to find a job to live, eat drink and have a roof over my head I need more education to get a better paying job for my family and for myself to help others. This is my example of my defiency needs and I needed them in order to become self actualized. This is an example of my, internal locus of control. Another example of my internal locust of control is I want to do well in school to achieve my dreams of becoming a teacher. Our students need to have their inner basic needs to be met also to do well in school if a child comes to school hungry it will make it hard for them to focus on school. It they feel they do not belong this to may affect their performance in school.

2. Safety Students safety and my own is important to be and having a safe place to live in order to want to come to school in the first place. Our students to must have a place to live and sleep and be accepted. This can be an internal locost of control in how they feel. But is some aspects can be externally because they need to feel safe in other places as well. And externally this may hurt them outside the home if they do not feel safe at home and school.

3. Love and Belonging Students and I may feel this from each other loved ones or each other. This can be felt internally with self esteem and externally from their peers. Students must feel a sense that they belong. We all need to feel that we are loved and to feel like you belong is so important for ourselves as well as our students to be a part of school and lessons. In our reading this week constructivist discusses their own views of learning. Learners can be are active in constructing their own knowledge and two, social interactions are important. And this is a process. (Woolfolk, 2013, p.359)

This is extremely important to note when teaching our students. I found a fun video to describe Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Hierchy on U Tube if you have time to watch it

4. Esteem We can then feel like we can do almost anything once we have the proper ways to and tools to get there.

I have a good job and a safe place to live and also my students will need to have the same thing in their own lives to progress in other parts of their own life.

This all may lead to being self actualized at the top of the chart below. The graph below represents a visual image of what I am discussing in my blog.

Image came from this website


Tiffany’s Memory Presenation

November 17th, 2012

I hope people can open this link I have had some trouble sharing. My presenation discusses important concepst for teachers and students in the classroom and envoke memory for learning.


Thank you

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